As mentioned in the 'Legislative Framework' section, public sector procurement must comply with the European Union (EU) Directives on Procurement.
The EU Treaty principle’s of open and fair competition, transparency, non-discrimination and proportionality must be followed.
Any public procurement which has the effect of giving preference to any supplier or contractor on the basis of nationality or location is likely to be in breach of the European Union Treaty. There are opportunities to specify food and drink from certain locations through the Protected Geographical Indicator (PGI) status of certain foods (this will be looked at later in the PRP). However, the ability to justify a preference policy for products or services from a particular region or location is very limited.
More can be done to encourage sustainable development and the participation of SMEs through how the specification and tender process is approached - this is looked at further in this section.
Sustainable food procurement can have positive effects on the environment, economy and society.